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From #SMACC2019 Vic Brazil, Eve Purdy, Jenny Rudolph, Chris Hicks, Simon Carley & Jenny Vaughan discuss learning and culture in healthcare.

Our inspiring panel discuss some burning questions:

Firstly, simulation is a great learning tool but how do we organise simulation activities when we are resource and time poor?

Next, how do we translate learnings from Sim into the real world, when the stakes and stress levels are high?

Then, how do we encourage junior staff to be honest with their feedback?

Moreover, how do we set a culture that promotes an open learning environment? The fastest way to discourage feedback is to ask people to be honest but do nothing about it.

Tune in to a fascinating discussion on learning and culture in healthcare. We hope that from this podcast you feel inspired to influence the culture in your workplace. It is only with the help of the entire medical community that we are able to positively influence learning in healthcare.

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Victoria Brazil

Victoria Brazil is an emergency physician and medical educator. 

She is Professor of Emergency Medicine and Director of Simulation at the Gold Coast Health Service, and at Bond University medical program. Victoria’s main interests are in connecting education with patient care – through translational simulation for healthcare, and in developing high performing teams. She leads the Bond Translational Simulation Collaborative

Victoria is an enthusiast in the social media and #FOAMed world (@SocraticEM). She is co-producer of Simulcast and she hosts the Harvard Macy Institute podcast. She also serves as a faculty member with the Harvard Macy Institute.

Follow Victoria at @SocraticEM or look her up at


Simon Carley

Professor Simon Carley MB ChB, PGDip, DipIMC (RCS Ed), FRCS (Ed)(1998), FHEA, FAcadMed, FRCEM, MPhil, MD, PhD is Creator, Webmaster, owner and Editor in Chief of the St Emlyn’s blog and podcast. He is visiting Professor at Manchester Metropolitan University and a Consultant in adult and paediatric Emergency Medicine at Manchester Foundation Trust. He is co-founder of the BestBets website, St.Emlyn’s social media learning platforms and the MSc in emergency medicine at Manchester Metropolitan University. He is an Education Associate with the General Medical Council and is an Associate Editor for the Emergency Medicine Journal. He is the lead for CPD at the Royal College of Emergency Medicine. His research interests include diagnostics, Medical Education, Major incident management & Evidence based Emergency Medicine. He is verified on twitter as @EMManchester



Jenny Rudolph

Jenny Rudolph is a life-long athlete who brings the joy of practice to mastery learning in healthcare education, especially feedback, debriefing, and speaking up.She researches, teaches, and writes about using “good judgment” in difficult conversations. She serves as the Executive Director of the Center Medical Simulation which is dedicated to improving quality and safety in healthcare through experiential education.


Eve Purdy

Eve Purdy (@purdy_eve) is an emergency physician and anthropologist from Canada. She is currently far away from home working on the Gold Coast doing part time clinical emergency medicine and part time applied anthropology, sorting out how teams can do work better, together. She’s been involved with SMACC since she was a medical student and finds that the relationships formed and values of this community have shaped her career.  


Dr Jenny Vaughan

The case for a just culture in healthcareDr Jenny Vaughan, Consultant Neurologist and Medical Law Campaigner Dr Jenny Vaughan (@DrJennyVaughan) has been Consultant Neurologist for 15 years (NW London Hospitals NHS Trust and Imperial College Healthcare NHS trust, London). She was the medical lead for the successful over-turning of the conviction of Surgeon Mr David Sellu for gross negligence manslaughter in 2013. The medico-legal appeal team subsequently won the prestigious ‘crime team of the year award’ at The Modern Law Awards (2018).Her work in bringing those in the field together was published and recently cited editorially in the BMJ.She has become a leading voice of the UK medical profession on this subject. She has vocalised the concerns of the whole profession with respect to medical manslaughter in mainstream media. She has been a keynote speaker at multiple events, most especially since the overturning of the erasure decision in the case of Dr Hadiza Bawa-Garba.She has published widely-read articles on the impact of the criminal law on healthcare. She has conducted surveys of the medical profession in order to assess the impact of the criminal law on healthcare. Her findings have informed law-makers, politicians, the media, the BMA, the royal colleges and the profession in general. She co-founded the first UK online resource for anyone to access who wishes to know more about the charges of gross negligence manslaughter in healthcare sits on the medico legal committee of the BMA and is an exec member for law and policy for The Doctor’s Association UK. She hopes to improve patient safety by continuing in these roles and also raising awareness of the need for a ‘just culture’ amongst patients, organisations and healthcare professionals in the United Kingdom and beyond.

@DrJennyVaughan    @TheDA_UK    Connect on LinkedIn    

Chris Hicks

Christopher Hicks is an emergency physician and trauma team leader at St. Michael’s Hospital in Toronto, and Assistant Professor and Clinician-Educator in the Department of Medicine at the University of Toronto.  He is an education research scientist at the Li Ka Shing Knowledge institute, and appointee to the International Centre for Surgical Safety, with a program of research that focuses on simulation-based psychological skills training, human factors and clinical logistics.  He has innovated in several areas of resuscitation and psychological skills, including mental practice, stress inoculation training and the trauma black box program.  In 2018, Chris co-created and chaired resusTO, an inter-professional simulation-based resuscitation conference in Toronto with international acclaim.  In 2020, he co-founded Advanced Performance Healthcare Design, consulting with hospitals and industry using simulation to inform the design of systems, spaces and teams.  Chris is an avid speaker and lecturer, staunch #FOAMed supporter, occasional runner and cyclist, fledgling boxer, semi-retired pianist, and proud father of three lunatic boys.